German announcement about the death penalty for those helping Jews (1941)

Source: public domain


Józef and Wikoria Ulma with their six children

In the village of Markowa in Poland, they hid several Jewish families (from the end of 1942). On March 24, 1944 the German police murdered Józef Ulma, his wife Victoria, who was pregnant, and their six children, source: public domain.

Józef Ulma (Born March 2, 1900 – Died March 24, 1944) and his wife Wiktoria (Born December 10, 1912 – Died March 24, 1944) were a married couple in the village of Markowa (the Podkarpackie Regeon). They were farmers, fruit growers and bee keepers. Józef Ulma was a well-known social  and Catholic activist in the area. From the end of 1942, he hid several Jewish families, among them the Didners, Grunfelds and Goldmen. On March 24, 1944, in Markowa, the German  police murdered Józef  Ulma, his wife Victoria, who was pregnant, and  their six children all aged under 8 years, as well as eight Jews whom the Ulma family hid. On the 13 September 1995, Józef and Wiktoria  were awarded  posthumously by Yad Vashem with the title, Righteous Among the Nations. On the 17 March 2016, the first Polish Museum dedicated to Poles who rescued Jews, was opened in Markowa and given their name.

Read more on The Ulma Family Museum of PolesSaving Jews in World War IIj website →


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